Does biomechanical orthopaedic insole of lower limb have after all useful?
Feet are delicate and efficient organs. It consists of 26 bones and two sesamoid bones, 57 joints and more than 100 muscles and ligaments. 1 ╱ 4, of the total number of the whole body bone size proportion accounted for 7% of the body's foot support weight to complete complex walk run to beat. Foot the lack of power, can lead to foot above joint mechanical imbalance, the body will enable the compensatory mechanism, the result is the most direct performance: the knee degenerative diseases, pelvic spin move, scoliosis, shoulder cervical abnormal radioactive pain, ham and coxal muscle hypertrophy (middle thick thin featured on both ends of shape), habitual sprained my ankle, plantar fasciitis, corns, etc. Many spine and joint diseases, after the treatment of relief after repeated attacks, the body pain can not only treat the pain site, the most important thing is to find the root cause of pain. In addition to correcting the patient's posture and strengthening the muscle strength of the affected part, the most important thing is to adjust the mechanical structure of the foot.
As an important part of the body's torso, protecting your feet has a significant impact on healthy life. Scientific foot protection is not only about recognizing our feet, understanding and preventing common foot diseases, learning to observe ourselves, and choosing the right shoes. You also need to know how to use orthopedic insoles to solve foot problems.
Why do you need orthopedic insoles?
We already know that, due to genetic factors, people who exercise for a long time and are professional athletes, middle-aged and old people, people who wear high heels for a long time, and people with diabetes are prone to hair and ankle and foot diseases. According to the data, 75 percent of adults have various foot diseases (including skin diseases) of varying degrees. People with foot problems are more selective about the shoes they wear than those with healthy feet. Shoes with the inner function of eliminating or alleviating foot discomfort will become the first choice for foot disorders more than shoes with only beautiful and fashionable appearance but lack of inner quality. As the range of suitable shoes becomes narrow, orthopedic insole becomes the necessary medium to solve the contradiction between different problems and wearing common shoes. In other words, the orthopedic insole complements the more functional suitor of the shoe.
History and international status of orthopedic insole
Orthopedic insole technology has been used in foreign countries for more than 130 years. In many countries, it is commonplace to tailor a pair of orthopedic insoles after a foot problem, just as it is to make a pair of glasses when we feel that we have vision problems. In developed countries in Europe and the United States, foot diseases are highly valued, and professional doctors and technical means are abundant. Germany began foot orthopedics treatment in 1879 and has become a health industry. Large suppliers have reached product specialization, supply scale and service serialization. Shoes, insoles, and from the material production technology, to various specialized production equipment, testing equipment, calibration equipment and tools, has formed the efficience, division of labor and meticulous series products and technical services. Professional orthopaedists and specialized orthopaedic shoe shops are located in many large city blocks. People and practicing doctors also have a high awareness of the role and application range of orthopaedic insoles and form habits. Just as Chinese people now know about wearing glasses. 45% of children and 13% of adults in Germany wear orthopedic shoes or insoles. In Israel, where only 8m people live, there are more than 200 orthopedic shoe shops, one for every four people on average. Israeli soldiers are paid by the government every six months to provide a free pair of orthopedic insoles to reduce injuries and improve combat effectiveness.
Orthopedic insoles are also used as a basic treatment for ankle, knee, hip and waist problems in these countries. After the occurrence of ankle and foot disease symptoms, it is often preferred to replace appropriate shoes, tailor-made orthopedic insole these safe and conservative treatment methods. When the problem cannot be solved, dressing, physiotherapy and injection should be considered. Finally, surgical treatment should be chosen. The patient's own abroad also attaches great importance to the feet care, often in the feet, ankles, knees and the waist just feel discomfort or mild, slightly to find ankle professional doctor visits, so as not to miss out on the best treatment period of conservative treatment. Many people even wear orthopedic insoles to prevent disease without showing symptoms, so the amount of orthopedic insoles is huge in many countries.
Current status of orthopedic insole in China
At present, there is still a huge gap between domestic attention to foot disease, medical level and professional technical means compared with developed countries. One of the manifestations is the awareness and use of orthopedic insoles. In addition, there is no professional education or vocational training institution for orthopaedic technical services for ankle and foot diseases of able-bodied people. At present, in the treatment of ankle and foot diseases in China, surgery, injection, dressing, medicine, conditional physical therapy and other treatment methods are basically adopted. There is no education training institution for the manufacture and adjustment of orthopedic insole.
Wear with orthopedic insoles can prevent ankle disease, or ankle disease commonly, conservative treatment with non-surgical therapy to reduce or even eliminate symptoms (similar to the glasses to correct nearsightedness principle). Orthopedic insoles can be used for postoperative support, remediation and gait adjustment in patients with trauma, overwork or severe deformities that must be treated surgically. In addition, additional treatment options are provided for patients who are not qualified for or afraid to undergo surgery (such as students, uncared for people, office workers, etc.).