Five common foot problems can be used orthopedic insoles
Flatfoot is caused by the slack ligament of the foot. The general cause of foot muscle dysplasia and genetic factors. The vast majority of flat foot patients without obvious discomfort, but severe flat foot will cause walking and tired after feeling tired and painful foot center and the instep may have swollen scaphoid tubercle swelling and tenderness, and even secondary low back pain and Hip and knee pain.
Custom orthopedic insoles can support arch, balance plantar pressure distribution. At the same time wearing a solid heel shoes, toe flexor muscle strength training, adolescents can walk through the toes, Achilles stretch training to relieve symptoms.
2. Hallux valgus
Due to congenital dysplasia or long-term wearing pointed shoes, toes are squeezed by external force led to the toe eversion, such as wearing heel too high, too sharp and too narrow shoes, the heel is not easy to be fixed, causing squeezing friction toes And oppression will accelerate the formation of thumb valgus. The performance is located in the bottom of the big toe joint dislocation, causing the big toe lateral bend, causing the protruding toe bone.
The best way to prevent Hallux valgus is to wear a pair of suitable shoes, such as wide or high toe shoes or shoes with curved outsole. In the early stages of hallux valgus, soak your feet in warm water to temporarily relieve pain. Mild patients can pad the first and second toe pad, and wear plastic orthotics at night to prevent deterioration and correction of deformities, such as toe pad, night splint, toe bandages and so on. If the pain situation is unbearable, and seriously affect the daily life of the need for surgery to do the orthopedic.
3. Plantar fasciitis
Plantar fascia is a plantar wide fan-shaped fascia, which is a good support for the arch of the foot. It can act as a buffer to absorb the counteraction of the ground and provide elasticity for walking. However, excessive stretching of fascia can cause abnormal deformation or inflammation such as excessive exercise. Standing for a long time, as well as overweight, pregnancy, a long time wearing inappropriate shoes and so on.
The use of functional shoes or insoles with elastic and shock-absorbing features to support the arch allows the patient to relieve pain and wear therapeutic insoles to correct other abnormal biomechanics in their feet. Other common treatments include stretching exercises, attempting yogic lifting exercises, and stretching the plantar fascia.
4.Followed by bone spurs
Posterior spondylolisthesis is the long-term plantar fascia caused by bone calcaneal bone hyperplasia caused by the phenomenon. Most spurs no obvious pain, some will have chronic pain when standing or walking. At present, many drugs for the treatment of spur, but no one can dissolve or eliminate the spur of the so-called cure. Because spur is a kind of compensatory skeletal material that grows from normal bones, it has no difference with the hardness of human bones. Its fine structure is also similar to normal bones with the same composition without any pathological changes.
Pay attention to work and rest, proper physical exercise, such as pain intolerable customizable redistribution followed by the force of the heel ring or heel-free insoles to relieve pain in the affected area.
5 pairs of lower extremities unequal length
Lower extremities unequal length is due to one side of the lower limb growth retardation or fracture caused by shortening healing, but also because of hip, knee, ankle deformity.
As normal lumbar vertebra unequal length of the lower limb has a certain compensatory function, so one side of the lower limb shortened 1 ㎝ can not make up. Shorten the duration of more than 1, of patients, long-term walking and standing can cause pelvic tilt, scoliosis, claudication, fatigue and low back pain, need to fill high.
Fill up 1 ㎝ following: available heel thick, forefoot thin insole into the use of shoes; fill high 1-3 ㎝: custom make high shoes or adjust the contralateral soles; up 3-7 ㎝: to be customized Inside up high shoes.