Introduction to orthotics
Shape insoles technology has been used in foreign countries for more than 130 years, and the technology is mature, and the products and services are perfect. But it is far from widespread in China.
What is an orthopedic insole? Simply put, in the shoe, to correct and adjust the walking posture of the human body to maintain the normal force of the body of the mat.
Our ankles, knees, hips and waist make up the physical force of the lower limb of the body. The normal function of the lower extremity is important to the health of the body. Ankle medical experts on plantar biomechanics mechanism of foot lesions of human physiological line of force change after the influence factors of long-term research, design, developed with arch supporting role of orthopedic insoles. To improve the foot function and relieve foot pressure, to correct foot deformity, to relieve foot pain, to maintain the body's reasonable force. Therefore, orthopaedic insoles are actually a medical technology and treatment. It is a safe and conservative treatment method to measure the orthopaedic insoles after the symptoms of ankle disease.
The application of orthopaedic insole can solve and alleviate many symptoms of ankle disease, and has different mechanism. Orthopaedic insoles are more comfortable and effective when they are standing, walking, and jumping when they are in contact with the ground with their feet. Orthopaedic insoles can be used to correct and improve the gait and posture of the wearer while walking. If it can be corrected by orthopaedic insole, it can correct the bad walking posture that affects trunk health. Orthopaedic insoles can be used to treat or relieve some foot diseases by redistributing foot pressure. Such as foot pads, chicken eyes, metatarsal arthritis, tarsal osteoarthritis, etc. For the elderly with foot pain symptoms, orthopaedic insoles can improve the lower limb strength of the human body and prevent the occurrence of senile degenerative diseases.
The orthopaedic insole is divided into several types according to different mechanism and function, and is made of different materials. Can be broadly divided into general products orthopaedic insoles and customized orthopedic insoles. The foot bow size of the general-purpose finished orthotic insole is based on the usual arch degree, which is suitable for the general population. For some people with foot deformity or foot disease, can through the computer test and according to the results, to design, customized production according to specific arch height and Angle of insoles, more adapted to the wearer's individual, namely tailored orthopedic insoles.
The mechanism of several orthopedic insoles in ankle diseases is described below.
1. Plantar aponeurosis: after applying the orthopaedic insole, it is obvious to relieve the standing of the plantar aponeurosis and reduce its strain, thus achieving the purpose of eliminating local inflammation and relieving pain.
2, heel spur: after the application of orthopedic insoles, is a foot stress redistribution, reduced the foot heel of load stress, reduce the local stimulation, also to eliminate the local inflammation, relieve pain.
Three, Achilles tendinitis: Achilles tendinitis in addition to the result of shoes friction extrusion, the external factors, most of the patients with ankle twisted problems at the same time, resulting in the Achilles tendon attachment points of the abnormal stress. After applying orthopaedic insoles, the Achilles tendon is normal and the Achilles tendinitis can heal.
4. Metatarsal pain and painful footpads: after applying orthopaedic insoles, the arch can be remodeled, and the weight of the foot is evenly distributed, reducing the pressure of the front foot. There is also an orthopaedic insole with a crossbow support at the front, which can be used to reshape the crossbow so that the collapsed metatarsal bone is elevated to varying degrees. This will not only effectively relieve the pain of the forefoot, but also soften the pain pad slowly until it disappears.
5. Habitual ankle sprain: patients with chronic ankle sprain not only have imbalance of the ligament strength on both sides of the ankle joint, but also have the inclination of the joint surface. After applying the orthopaedic insole, it can not only balance the ligament strength on both sides of the ankle joint, but also improve the Angle of the Angle of the joint surface, so as to prevent the injury of the ankle joint.
Six, zhi fu arthritis and tarsal bone arthritis pain: zhi fu arthritis and osteoarthritis causes between the tarsi, in addition to the aging because of foot muscles and ligaments, weakened its ability to maintain the tarsal joint structure, make the Achilles tendon to strain, in some of the crowd, itself exists the structure of the tarsal joint disorders or loose problem. After the application of orthopedics insoles, the support of the foot arch can stabilize the joint structure, thereby reducing the occurrence of traumatic inflammation and eliminating the pain symptoms.
Seven, prevention of degenerative joint disease in the elderly (knee, hip, lower part) : long-term wearing orthopedic insoles, can improve the power of lower limbs line, the balance of each joint force of lower limb, adjust the walking gait and posture, thereby preventing or delaying senile osteoarthropathy.
The reason for the increase of the thumb is mainly due to the pull of the foot muscles. After the application of orthopaedic insoles, it can effectively relieve the muscle strength of the foot, thereby delaying the increase of thumb.
Finally, it needs to be pointed out that, for different populations, and for each person at different ages, their plantar pressure distribution is different and different. Therefore, the configuration of orthopaedic insoles should be customized in a personalized way, just as we do with glasses, it needs to be customized to be targeted and achieve significant results.