Shoes are the daily necessities that people are not familiar with. From the day I learned to walk, the role of the feet gradually faded. Although life, work, study, and entertainment are inseparable from their feet, few people will never forget the existence and weight of their feet. It wasn’t until one day that I suddenly felt ill in my feet, and the original normal rhythm was affected, that I would realize the importance of the feet. The cause of the vast majority of podiatry is improper selection of shoes. The right shoes not only make you shine, but more importantly, they can protect your feet and pave the way for a healthy life.
Orthopedic shoes are used to treat foot diseases, reduce foot pain, correct the deformation of the patient’s foot, disperse foot pressure to eliminate pain, maintain body balance, and improve foot function according to the doctor’s prescription. They are made according to special shoe lasts. Of shoes suitable for the feet of specific patients. To
Orthopedic shoes, also known as orthopedic shoes, belong to the field of “Podiatry”. In Europe and other foreign countries, “Podiatry” is an independent department as compared with orthopedics, endocrinology, and joint surgery.
However, the lack of podiatry in China has caused the development of domestic orthopedic shoe technology and technology to be in a relatively slow period.
What are other names for orthopedic shoes?
Orthopedic shoes (orthotic shoes) are special shoes made for correcting foot deformities, dispersing foot pressure, and reducing pain symptoms, etc., and can also be called shoe-shaped orthotics.
Orthopedic shoes are also elegantly called body training shoes, and their main feature is their anti-traditional high-to-back soles.
Wearing this kind of shoes can change the force on the soles of the feet, fully adjust the mechanical state of the human body, have the function of forcing the center of gravity of the human body to move back, reducing the support surface of the human body, and correcting the bad posture of the human body, optimizing and beautifying the posture.
It has positive recovery significance for lumbar muscle strain, low back pain, and cervical spondylosis, so it is also known as bodybuilding shoes.
Its function is to enhance the strain state or load-free of the patient’s feet when standing and walking, eliminate pain, prevent deformity, correct the functional deformation of the foot, and provide support for patients with permanent deformity to achieve balance. Suitable for varus feet, valgus feet, club feet, drop feet, flat feet, arch feet, hammer feet and calcaneal spurs, subtalar joint stiffness, ankle arthritis, hallux valgus, and foot fractures caused by various diseases, Foot defects, plantar pain, etc.
1. The basic function of orthopedic shoes
a. Relieve pain
Using sponge insoles, special heel spur pads, or digging pits in the heel of the shoe can alleviate heel pain during walking for patients with calcaneal spurs and calcaneal periostitis.
b. Prevent and correct deformities
Correct foot deformities and improve the weight-bearing line of the foot. If you are heavy, overloaded, or standing for a long time, use flat footpads and flat foot shoes to prevent sagging of the arch.
c. Compensation for lost joint motion function
For example, a wedge-shaped cushion made of rubber sponge on the heel can reduce the impact of the heel of patients with ankle joint stiffness when the heel touches the ground; as adding a rolling bar on the forefoot of the shoe can help patients with stiff metatarsophalangeal joints to complete smoothly The transition from the foot leveling to the foot off the ground during walking.
d. Eliminate joint activity
For example, the elongated soleplate made of elastic steel plate can eliminate the movement of the metatarsophalangeal joint. It is often used for the deformity and stiffness of the metatarsophalangeal joint, which can reduce the pain and prevent the development of the deformity.
2. the classification of orthopedic shoes
Orthopedic shoes are worn by the disabled every day. With the expansion of the treatment surface of orthopedic shoes, there are more and more varieties of orthopedic shoes, which can be classified from the aspects of disability, function, structure, materials, and climatic conditions.
a. Classification by function
There are height-enhancing orthopedic shoes to compensate for the shortening of the lower limbs. Compensation of orthopedic shoes to compensate for foot defects. Orthopedic shoes for correction are used to correct foot deformities and diseases.
b. Classification by part of the sickness and disability
There are high-bow shoes, foot drop shoes, flat-toe shoes, varus shoes, valgus shoes, bone spur shoes, flat-foot shoes, and other orthopedic shoes for sick feet.
c. Classification by material
There are leather orthopedic shoes and artificial leather orthopedic shoes.
d. Classified according to the structure of shoes
The common ones are high waist (also called high top), low waist (also called low top), elastic, welt, and other styles.
e. Classified by season of use
There are sandals for spring and autumn, sandals for summer, and warm shoes for winter.
3. the structure and assembly process of orthopedic shoes
Observation and measurement to take stars — shoe last processing —-pattern making — shoe upper — making semi-finished products — sample — trimming — upper sole combination — matching combination — delivery